RE: Converged Network Assessment - VoIP Security



We recently released a call for speakers and a call for sponsors for the
second annual VoIP Security Conference at Illinois Institute of Technology
this May. If anyone on this list is interested in presenting or simply
attending let me know and we'll send info

regards

Ken Kousky
IP3 www.ip3security.com


-----Original Message-----
From: Giancarlo Paolillo [mailto:gpaolillo@xxxxxxxxxxxxx]
Sent: Monday, February 06, 2006 8:58 PM
To: 'Ken Kousky'; 'Bob Radvanovsky'; joseph@xxxxxxxxx;
pen-test@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: RE: Converged Network Assessment

Ken, all of your points are quite true..

I can additionally tell you from experience that none of the major
firewall companies will actually "certify" DPI on VoIP.
Pin holes for both ports (5060 and 5061, UDP) is not even enough since
some companies are changing to bypass well known ports as they may be
getting blocked by ISPs.
Solutions from Cisco or even Avaya's VoIP PBX solution will fail if DPI
is turned on. For example, on a netscreen, you have to turn on "Ignore
Type" just to allow that traffic to get through... not really more
effective than a simple ACL on your border router...

Then you have to worry about the actual devices and application!
We found in some cases that some of the third party MTA vendors would
begin retransmitting SIP messages several times per second if it failed
the 1st time... imagine what that will do to your firewalls when your
normal traffic may be 100K sessions on a 500k session fwll.... all of a
sudden you have a DOS scenario which is due to non-standard of
device/protocol/error management.

It gets "better" from there....

Giancarlo
-----Original Message-----
From: Ken Kousky [mailto:kkousky@xxxxxxxxxx]
Sent: Monday, February 06, 2006 9:07 AM
To: 'Bob Radvanovsky'; joseph@xxxxxxxxx; pen-test@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: RE: Converged Network Assessment

I think one of the additional implications here is the realization that
VoIP
and multi-media will introduce new issues to the security community and
should be factored into risk assessments. Pen tests should be adjusted
accordingly.

Several simple observations on the convergence impact:

1) first, convergence is going to have a lot to do with integrating VoIP
-
here we should note that general managers are traditionally more
concerned
about voice privacy than email privacy (while most data folks know
there's a
lot of critical information in email, mgmt cares more about
confidentiality
on their voice communications) - this is likely to lead to wide-spread
encryption of voice traffic which means it's an ideal convert channel
since
filters can't inspect encrypted data flows so look for malicious use of
encrypted UDP packets
2) VoIP requires two ports (each is unidirectional) for conversations -
some
firewalls or perimeter defenses talk about pin holes being opened for
voice;
don't you love it - a hole in the perimeter but it's only a pin prick
2) acceptable, or functional latency is very different for voice and
live
video than for email or browsing; this means that many exploits that
might
cause a delay can actually produce an outage in the converged network
3) power dependency is an important issue since the phone grid
traditionally
carried it's own power and that's not easy to do with VoIP
4) location awareness is an issue as we see in the FCC battle over E911
for
VoIP
5) spoofing of caller ID is made quite trivial in VoIP
6) Convergence also commonly includes wireless and new client form
factors
like cell phones and hybrid PDAs

These are not all direct issues for a pen test but risk assessment and
planning should address these and far more.

Each new technology we deploy opens up new vulnerabilities and it's our
jobs
to be in front of these.

Convergence is far more than market hype - it's going to bring lots of
new
vulnerabilities and will require new, enhanced defenses.

And, as I've said to vendors for 30 years "it's got to be taught before
it
will be bought" so it's got to start with education.


-----Original Message-----
From: Bob Radvanovsky [mailto:rsradvan@xxxxxxxxxxxxx]
Sent: Sunday, February 05, 2006 3:12 PM
To: joseph@xxxxxxxxx; pen-test@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: Re: Converged Network Assessment

Actually, it could go either way. The latest thing within the IT and
security industries is "standardization". For the security industries,
this
means converging physical, cyber and policy management security
together.
For the IT industries, this means converging telephone (VoIP), video,
and
networking together.

This makes sense that what they're offering is a complete suite of
networking assessments for telephony, video and network (data). They're
taking advantage of the "convergence movement" lately, and utilizing it
as a
method of a one-stop-shopping for assessing ALL technologies under ONE
quote.

Makes sense, doesn't it?

Bob Radvanovsky, CISM, CIFI, REM, CIPS
"knowledge squared is information shared"
rsradvan (at) unixworks.net | infracritical.com | ehealthgrid.com
(630) 673-7740 | (412) 774-0373 (fax)

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----- Original Message -----
From: joseph@xxxxxxxxx
To: pen-test@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: Converged Network Assessment


I am newbie in the field of security, and stumbled across a security
company
advertising that they conduct Converged Network Assessments.
As they describe the assessment focuses on both the voice and the data
network, in order to expose any new security holes created by a
converged
network.

.The assessment covers:
- External Security Assessment
- Internal Security Assessment
- PBX Assessment
- Adjunct Assessment
- Wireless Assessment
- Bluetooth Assessment
- Rogue Modem Assessment
- IDS Assessment
- SAN's Assessment
- VoIP Assessment
- Penetration testing

So can someone provide me a honest answer to what a Converged Network
Assessment is, it sounds like a lot of marketing speak.

thx



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