Re: Escalating from Netware box
From: Dave Nuull (gotodevnull_at_hotmail.com)
To: email@example.com Date: Sun, 15 Aug 2004 12:02:35 -0400
McKenna Henage or Beme Lee wrote:
>I'm wrapping up a pen-test and I've gained access to a
>NetWare-Enterprise-Web-Server/5.1 box through the ability to run Perl
>commands using specially crafted URLs (e.g.,
>"perl/-e%20system(%22dir%22);"). I wrote a program in Perl that crafts the
>URLs to allow me to easily read any file on the server, write to any file,
>or execute any command. However, without any Novell experience (I am a MS
>and Linux guy), I am unable to escalate to the point of being able to
>other systems on the client's network.
Aside question: If perl -e is a command line option, why does a simple 'dir'
not work? Or a cmd%20/C%20dir?
>Any suggestions for ways I can use this Netware box to further exploit
>networks would be very much appreciated. In particular, I'm interested in
>discovering what other devices are on their network (since I can only see
>their Netware box from the Internet), performing port scans, vulnerability
>scans, etc. I need to be nice to the server since it is in production, so
>I'm trying not to experiment too much on their machine and risk bringing it
>down (already crashed it once!).
If you can execute on the remote server, and if there are any 'closed' ports
(i.e not filtered) then have you tried to tftp up a nc.exe and shovel a
shell back to your attack host?
If as you say below you cant find the tftp client, what about perl's FTP
This one does not contain any " or ' chars so you could echo all the lines
a file on the remote server and run from the command line.
>I've already done some research on Netware, including listening to RFP's
>Black Hat talk on Netware, and reading the "Novell Hacking FAQ" available
>the web. Unfortunately most resources I've found refer to Netware 2.x, 3.x,
>and 4.x. Here is what I've been able to gain so far, thanks to having
>partial access to files on the system using directory traversal:
If you have partial access to files (i.e at least read access), could you
complete files back to your attack host? This again assumes they have not
configured restrictive outbound filtering on their firewall. If you can
find their internal mail server, you could craft some SMTP commands and
mail them to yourself instead :-)
>-Internal IP address
>-IPX servers (running the command “display ipx servers”)
>-See unencrypted passwords in /system/autoexec.ncf and /etc/netinfo.cfg
>to crack a password in /Novonyx/suitespot/admin-serv/config/ADMPW)
>-Successfully ping out to a device on the Internet (unfortunately it
>to be continuous, because I wasn’t able to stop it)
>-…and pretty much anything else that is in a file, or almost any command
>I have run into some limits:
>-Any request I make (to read/write a file or execute a command) is limited
>in character length, hampering my ability to execute an elaborate Perl
>program on the box or even to read some files that are too far down the
If you have a command length limits, perhaps try to create a .bat file on
the remote server using echo appends and splitting the command into smaller
>-Haven't found a way to send some characters such as " and ', even after
>trying everything I could think of (encoding, double encoding, etc.). Wish
>could do that because then I could essentially start writing a new Perl
>script to their machine and overcome the character limitation just
>mentioned, and potentially find a way to upload a Perl port scanner of some
If you have perl interpreter access, you could use the pack/unpack functions
to decode the " or ' chars into decimal/hex/octal and using one liners
unpack the chars on the remote host. ref: ascii chart for char->hex values
C:\>perl -e $a=pack(H6,222027);print$a;
>-An inability to correctly view all files. Since I'm getting the files fed
>back in a web browser, I can sometimes only see the first parts of a file
>(up to 500K or so), and have trouble downloading binaries.
>-An inability to see the entire results of a command run on the system. I
>can run a command, but then to see the results I have to open
>/etc/console.log and read the last few lines (so I can't always see the
>entire results, because it appears to be cut off in the log).
Do command output redirections into your own log file not work on the
>-I don’t even know how to download files to the Netware box. I have been
>unable to determine if it has a HTTP or FTP client I can use to pull down a
>trojan/backdoor program, netcat, or anything else.
>-Some blockage at the firewall (?). For example, I tried loading the remote
>console and then accessing it remotely, but it appears to be blocked at the
>firewall since I can’t get in. If it were a Linux/Unix/Windows box then I’d
>know how to download a SSH client and reverse-tunnel a connection out
>through the firewall, but I’m clueless on Netware.
>Thanks in advance for any suggestions you can provide in the next couple
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