Re: Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities - XSS

From: Bill Pennington (billp@boarder.org)
Date: 08/07/02


Date: Tue, 06 Aug 2002 16:37:23 -0700
From: Bill Pennington <billp@boarder.org>
To: Matt Andreko <mandreko@ori.net>, pen-test <pen-test@securityfocus.com>

In order for that to be useful you need to get someone else to click on the
link. This is generally not to difficult depending on your target. Remember
e-mail is easily forged.

On 8/6/02 2:56 PM, "Matt Andreko" <mandreko@ori.net> wrote:

> I am kinda new to XSS, but am intrigued by how it works. I have found
> sometimes you can get javascript messages to pop up and such, but if
> it's not being stored in a database, what good is it?
>
> Take for example Iwillusa.com (a motherboard maker's website). They
> have a product page that I saw had some html in the URL:
> http://www.iwillusa.com/products/spec.asp?ModelName=DVD266>u</i>-RN&Su
> pportID=
> I edited it and it became:
>
http://www.iwillusa.com/products/spec.asp?ModelName=DVD266u-RN
> language=javascript>alert(document.cookie);</script>&SupportID=
>
> I'm fully able to get a javascript error. However, what good does this
> do, if it's not stored anywhere?
>
>
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Bill Pennington [mailto:
billp@boarder.org]
> Sent: Tuesday, August 06, 2002 10:29 AM
> To: Jason binger; pen-test; webappsec
> Subject: Re: Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities - XSS
>
> Cross posting to webappsec because I know other people will have
> comments
> and suggestions.
>
> I have done more XSS testing that I care to remember.
>
> There are no tool that I am aware of that can accurately test for XSS
> issues
> in a web application. Some scanners have pretty good test for web server
> and
> application server XSS issues (like request
> <SCRIPT>alert("foo")</SCRIPT>.jsp and exploit the 404 handler), Nessus
> and
> nikto come to mind.
>
> For XSS testing I use a browser and a cheat sheet, a list of XSS strings
> to
> inject. My testing goes something like this:
>
> Assuming I am looking at a URL based variable, VAR=
>
> 1. Determine if the variable is displayed on the screen. Change
> VAR=realcontent to VAR=foo. This should generate an error message but it
> might not. On the resulting page, view source and search for foo. Note,
> you
> might want to pick a less common string to make searching easier.
>
> If foo is not on the resulting page you can not perform a URL based XSS
> attack. The data might be stored and displayed latter though. Keep an
> eye
> out for it :-)
>
> 2. See how the application handles "<" and ">". Now change the variable
> to
> VAR=<foo>. Again view source on the returned page and look for <foo>. If
> <foo> is present you most likely have an XSS issue. If you see something
> like %ltfoo&gt then the variable is not vulnerable.
>
> 3, Now you just need to build an actual bit of client code and see if it
> gets gets executed. Change VAR= to VAR=<SCRIPT>alert("XSS");</SCRIPT>
> When
> you submit the page you should get a pop-up box that says XSS on your
> screen. If you do not get the pop-up, view source and find your string
> and
> make sure the proper syntax is in place. Some variables to put in
> strange
> places and you may need to format your injection string differently. If
> you
> are getting the full string returned to the browser without modification
> it
> is vulnerable, you just need to figure out the proper format. Most
> likely
> you need to close out another tag or a set of quotes before you XSS code
> is
> inserted.
>
> The above steps are a bit redundant but they are part of testing the
> application for all known issues, not just XSS. You could just do step 3
> but
> you might miss a bit of important info along the way. Most automated
> tools
> will only catch the simple XSS attacks, the more difficult ones are
> passed
> over.
>
> Hope that helps!
>
> On 8/3/02 10:52 PM, "Jason binger" <cisspstudy@yahoo.com> wrote:
>
>> Has anyone on the list done much with testing for XSS
>> vulnerabilities?
>>
>> Has anyone written a simple work program to test for
>> these vulnerabilities that they are happy to
>> distribute so others can do basic testing for these
>> vulnerabilities?
>>
>> There a few papers out on this topic, but none that I
>> hve seen that really focus on the testing side of
>> things.
>>
>> Thanks
>>
>> __________________________________________________
>> Do You Yahoo!?
>> Yahoo! Health - Feel better, live better
>> http://health.yahoo.com
>>
>>
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> ----
>> This list is provided by the SecurityFocus Security Intelligence Alert
> (SIA)
>> Service. For more information on SecurityFocus' SIA service which
>> automatically alerts you to the latest security vulnerabilities please
> see:
>> https://alerts.securityfocus.com/
>>
>
>
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> ----
> This list is provided by the SecurityFocus Security Intelligence Alert
> (SIA)
> Service. For more information on SecurityFocus' SIA service which
> automatically alerts you to the latest security vulnerabilities please
> see:
> https://alerts.securityfocus.com/
>

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
This list is provided by the SecurityFocus Security Intelligence Alert (SIA)
Service. For more information on SecurityFocus' SIA service which
automatically alerts you to the latest security vulnerabilities please see:
https://alerts.securityfocus.com/



Relevant Pages

  • RE: Laboratory Setup Help (RS)
    ... >> This list is provided by the SecurityFocus Security ... For more information on SecurityFocus' SIA service which ... >> vulnerabilities please see: ... >This list is provided by the SecurityFocus Security Intelligence Alert ...
    (Pen-Test)
  • RE: Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities - XSS
    ... Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities - XSS ... >> This list is provided by the SecurityFocus Security Intelligence ... For more information on SecurityFocus' SIA service which ...
    (Pen-Test)
  • Re: Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities - XSS
    ... Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities - XSS ... >>> This list is provided by the SecurityFocus Security Intelligence ... For more information on SecurityFocus' SIA service which ...
    (Pen-Test)
  • Re: Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities - XSS
    ... Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities - XSS ... >> This list is provided by the SecurityFocus Security Intelligence Alert ... For more information on SecurityFocus' SIA service which ...
    (Pen-Test)
  • RE: Vulnebrability level definition
    ... 'severity' of a given vulnerability, and this severity can change with time. ... different methodologies to rate vulnerabilities and present the associated ... This list is provided by the SecurityFocus Security Intelligence Alert ... For more information on SecurityFocus' SIA service which ...
    (Pen-Test)