Any way to automatically change arbitrary headers of IP packets on-the-fly?
From: João Paulo Caldas Campello (protecao_at_gmail.com)
Date: Mon, 11 Apr 2005 19:39:25 -0300 To: firstname.lastname@example.org
Does anybody know any userland tool, Linux kernel module,
iptables/netfilter module, or whatever mechanism to change arbitrary
headers of IP packets on-the-fly as long as they traverse the IP
stack? Is there any known paper regarding this subject?
The whole story is that I'm doing some research and lab tests on
semi-blind IP spoofing (i.e. Loose/Strict IP Source Routing) on
borders routers and firewalls, so I need an easy way to alter the "IP
Options" fields of IP packets to test if the routers/firewalls are
vulnerable to IP spoofing (e.g. not doing ingress filtering) in
conjunction with source routing techniques.
Yes, I know most modern firewalls should just drop IP Options
flagged packets, but not all firewalls do that with default
Sure I can construct raw IP packets with the proper IP Options
fields set on, but I'm also doing sort of a penetration test so I need
a way to automate this task as the packets traverse the stack. This
way I could still use well-known and proven penetration test tools
such as port and vulnerability scanners, web spiders, and so on.
I've already read Netfilter documentation (specially the "Linux
netfilter Hacking HOWTO") so I know this kind of packet mangling can
be done in userspace. I thought it could be done in the "MANGLE" table
of netfilter, but I found no TARGET that achieves that nor any
documentation about altering arbitrary IP headers.
The question is:
- Does already exist such a tool, module or whatever way to change
arbitrary headers of IP packets on-the-fly or will I have to (try to)
write one? =)
João Paulo Campello,
Network Security Analyst,
Tempest Security Technologies.