Re: ICMP pokes holes in firewalls...
From: Darren Reed (avalon_at_caligula.anu.edu.au)
To: firstname.lastname@example.org (Daniel Hartmeier) Date: Sat, 27 Sep 2003 19:21:36 +1000 (Australia/ACT)
In some mail from Daniel Hartmeier, sie said:
> On Fri, Sep 26, 2003 at 10:13:56AM +1000, Darren Reed wrote:
> > There's also a general problem here, that needs attention and that
> > is you really shouldn't allow more ICMP error packets through than
> > you see normal connection packets. ie. one UDP packet out should
> > not allow more than one ICMP error message back in.
> Technically, a single packet may cause multiple legitimate ICMP errors.
> As per RFC 792, an ICMP redirect does not imply that the packet was dropped
> (quite the contrary) and ICMP source quench may be sent without dropping
> the packet. Hence, further hops may send further ICMP errors for the
> same packet.
Only if a sending host is misbehaving will you ever get more than 1
redirect per packet flow as routers beyond the first hop should not
be sending redirects that make it back to the origin.
So what if a source quench gets dropped ? In situations where it's
likely to be sent, it getting dropped is more likely than normal.
And since you're quoting RFC's...
I have to wonder whether or not you read the OpenBSD source code before
saying this or maybe the OpenBSD source code is missing this comment
that I can see in NetBSD's IP code:
* a router should not generate ICMP_SOURCEQUENCH as
* required in RFC1812 Requirements for IP Version 4 Routers.
* source quench could be a big problem under DoS attacks,
* or if the underlying interface is rate-limited.
RFC 1812, section 126.96.36.199 (page 57) discusses this.
> Rate limiting the ICMP errors with a strict 1:1 ratio would break
> traceroute through a gateway that forwards back to the same network, or
> one operating near its capacity limit, for instance.
It won't break any version of traceroute that I'm aware of.
> So, what do we gain by rate limiting the ICMP errors?
If I send 1 UDP packet out, how many ICMP errors should I ever
receive that match it ? 1 ? 10 ? 100 ? Up to the ttl value
of the packet as it passed through ? What does your experience
tell you? What do you consider "normal" vs what should be
considered "acceptable" ?
On the other end of this, have *you* had any experience with rate
limited ICMP error message generation ? If you did, did traceroute
not work because it was present ?