Fronting SSH (Linux)Server with Windows repository?

( new to SSH and Linux Security)

Is it possible to run a SSH Server on Linux that has a repository on a
Windows machine?

If so, how does the authentication work ? To gain access to the
WIndows share, the user needs to be a WIndows Domain user which also
means that the Linux SSH server needs to authenticate with WIndows
Active Directory/LDAP.

Any hints / tips would be greatly appreciated.