[VulnWatch] Cisco Security Advisory: Cisco Guard enables Cross Site Scripting



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Cisco Security Advisory: Cisco Guard Enables Cross Site Scripting

Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20060920-guardxss

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20060920-guardxss.shtml

Revision 1.0

For Public Release 2006 September 20 1600 UTC (GMT)

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Contents
========

Summary
Affected Products
Details
Impact
Software Version and Fixes
Workarounds
Obtaining Fixed Software
Exploitation and Public Announcements
Status of this Notice: FINAL
Distribution
Revision History
Cisco Security Procedures

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Summary
=======

A vulnerability in the Cisco Guard may enable an attacker to send a
web browser client to a malicious website with the use of Cross Site
Scripting (XSS) when the Guard is providing anti-spoofing services
between the web browser client and a webserver. The attacker may
exploit this by providing a malicious URL for the web browser client
to go to, often in email, followed off of a malicious website, or in
an instant message. This issue may occur even if the protected
website does not allow XSS. A software upgrade is required to fix
this vulnerability. There is a workaround available to mitigate the
effects of the vulnerability.

This advisory is available at
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20060920-guardxss.shtml.

Affected Products
=================

The Cisco Guard is the only affected product. Details are available
below.

Vulnerable Products
+------------------

The following Cisco products are vulnerable.

* Cisco Guard Appliance (Software Version 3.X)
* Cisco Guard Blade (Software Version 4.X)
* Cisco Guard Appliance [Software Version 5.0(3)]
* Cisco Guard Appliance [Software Version 5.1(5)]

Products Confirmed Not Vulnerable
+--------------------------------

No other Cisco products have been found to be vulnerable.

There are three ways to determine the software version that your
Cisco Guard DDoS mitigation appliance is running. An example of each
method is shown here:

* Virtual terminal or local serial console connection

To determine the software version number through the local serial
console use a serial cable and a terminal emulation program to
connect to the appliance. Once you are connected, press the Enter
key of your terminal and the Guard will present, without even
logging in, the version of the software running on the devices:

Cisco Guard Version 3.1(0.12)

GUARD login:


In this example the Cisco Guard is running software version 3.1.

For a virtual terminal, the procedure is the same except that no
serial cable or terminal emulation program is needed (a standard
keyboard and monitor are directly connected to the appliance).

* Remote Secure Shell (SSH) connection

To obtain the software version number through a SSH session, use
a SSH client to log in to the Cisco Guard and issue the show
version command-line interface (CLI) command.

prompt$ ssh admin@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
admin@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx's password:
Last login: Wed Nov 24 22:45:53 on ttyS0
admin@GUARD#show version
Copyright (c) 2000-2004 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Software License Agreement

[...]

Cisco Anomaly Guard
Release: 3.1(0.12)
Date: 2004/10/27 19:58:14

GUARD uptime is 3 weeks, 3 days, 17 hours, 53 minutes
System Serial Number: XXXXXXX


In this example, the Cisco Traffic Anomaly Guard is running
software version 3.1.

* Remote secure web session

To obtain the software version that Cisco Guard is running
through a secure web interface, open the URL
https://IP address of your Guard/ in a web browser, log in,
and then click on the About link located on the top right section
of the browser window.

Details
=======

The Cisco Guard DDoS Mitigation Appliance is a distributed
denial-of-service (DDoS) protection system. Malicious DOS traffic is
identified with a Cisco Detector and diverted to the Guard for attack
mitigation. Under normal circumstances, the Guard plays no role in
valid traffic; it is specifically designed to deal with large volumes
of invalid traffic.

Cross Site Scripting (XSS) is an attack where a user follows a link
that contains an embedded script. The link often looks valid, and
sends the user to a valid site. The recipient website does not
contain the link that is sent and sends a meta-refresh back to the
user without validating the data it is sent. When receiving the
meta-refresh, the web browser interprets the script as an instruction
from the website and the script is executed on the user's machine .

In this case, when the anti-spoofing feature is enabled, all diverted
HTTP traffic is inspected and then a meta-refresh is sent to the
client containing the original request. If the original URL contains
a script and a specific character sequence, the meta-refresh from the
Guard will allow the client machine to execute the malicious script.

Several conditions are required to be true in order for the malicious
script to be processed:

* The client user must follow a URL with a specifically formatted,
embedded script to a site protected by the Guard.
* The Guard must be running active basic protection, going through
basic/redirect protection.
* The specially crafted http request must be diverted through the
Guard, and processed by the Guard.

Only if all of the above conditions are met will the client receive
the meta-refresh and process the embedded script.

This vulnerability is being tracked by bug ID CSCsf01438.

Impact
======

Successful exploitation of the vulnerability may result in malicious
executable code being run by an individual user using a web browser.

Software Version and Fixes
==========================

When considering software upgrades, also consult
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt and any subsequent advisories to
determine exposure and a complete upgrade solution.

This vulnerability is fixed in version 5.1(6) of the Cisco Anomaly
Guard code.

In all cases, customers should exercise caution to be certain the
devices to be upgraded contain sufficient memory and that current
hardware and software configurations will continue to be supported
properly by the new release. If the information is not clear, contact
the Cisco Technical Assistance Center ("TAC") or your contracted
maintenance provider for assistance.

Workarounds
===========

Changing the basic/redirect protection to basic/safe-reset protects
the client from executing the embedded script. Instead of providing a
layer seven http meta-refresh to the browser with the malicious URL
intact, the Guard provides a layer three TCP-RST to end the
connection. This can cause minor compatability issues, as some
firewalls do not forward the TCP-RST. However, this method protects
users from any XSS attacks until the Guard can be upgraded to a fixed
version of code.

To turn off basic/redirect and configure basic/safe-reset, please
follow the example below.

1. Show the zone.

user@GUARD#show zone test

...skipped

**** USER FILTERS ****
Row Source IP Source Mask Proto DPort Frg Action Rate Burst Units RxRate(pps)
10 * 255.255.255.255 6 80 no basic/redirect

user@GUARD#config t
user@GUARD-conf#zone test
user@GUARD-conf-zone-test# no user-filter 10


2. Configure basic/safe-reset dynamic filter.

user@GUARD-conf-zone-test#user-filter 10 basic/safe-reset * 6 80


3. Show that the filter is applied.

user@GUARD#show zone test

...skipped

**** USER FILTERS ****
Row Source IP Source Mask Proto DPort Frg Action Rate Burst Units RxRate(pps)
10 * 255.255.255.255 6 80 no basic/safe-reset


For more information, please refer to the configuration guide:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps5888/products_configuration_guide_chapter09186a00804b7d13.html#wp1135548

Obtaining Fixed Software
========================

Cisco will make free software available to address this vulnerability
for affected customers. This advisory will be updated as fixed
software becomes available. Prior to deploying software, customers
should consult their maintenance provider or check the software for
feature set compatibility and known issues specific to their
environment.

Customers may only install and expect support for the feature sets
they have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing or
otherwise using such software upgrades, customers agree to be bound by
the terms of Cisco's software license terms found at
http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-license-agreement.html, or as otherwise
set forth at Cisco.com Downloads at
http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-center/sw-usingswc.shtml.

Do not contact either "psirt@xxxxxxxxx" or "security-alert@xxxxxxxxx"
for software upgrades.

Customers with Service Contracts
+-------------------------------

Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through their
regular update channels. For most customers, this means that upgrades
should be obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's worldwide
website at
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/cisco-ga-crypto
for the appliance or
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/cisco-agm-crypto
for the 7600 module.

Customers using Third Party Support Organizations
+------------------------------------------------

Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through
prior or existing agreement with third-party support organizations
such as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers
should contact that support organization for guidance and assistance
with the appropriate course of action in regards to this advisory.

The effectiveness of any workaround or fix is dependent on specific
customer situations such as product mix, network topology, traffic
behavior, and organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected
products and releases, customers should consult with their service
provider or support organization to ensure any applied workaround or
fix is the most appropriate for use in the intended network before it
is deployed.

Customers without Service Contracts
+----------------------------------

Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but who do not hold a Cisco
service contract and customers who purchase through third-party
vendors but are unsuccessful at obtaining fixed software through
their point of sale should get their upgrades by contacting the Cisco
Technical Assistance Center (TAC). TAC contacts are as follows.

* +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
* +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
* e-mail: tac@xxxxxxxxx

Have your product serial number available and give the URL of this
notice as evidence of your entitlement to a free upgrade. Free
upgrades for non-contract customers must be requested through the
TAC.

Refer to http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml
for additional TAC contact information, including special localized
telephone numbers and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in
various languages.

Exploitation and Public Announcements
=====================================

The Cisco PSIRT is not aware of any public announcements or malicious
use of the vulnerability described in this advisory.

This vulnerability was reported to Cisco by a customer.

Status of this Notice: FINAL
============================

THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DOES NOT IMPLY ANY
KIND OF GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE OF THE
INFORMATION ON THE DOCUMENT OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE DOCUMENT IS
AT YOUR OWN RISK. CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE THIS
DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME.

A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this document that
omits the distribution URL in the following section is an
uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain
factual errors.

Distribution
============

This advisory is posted on Cisco's worldwide website at:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20060920-guardxss.shtml

In addition to worldwide web posting, a text version of this notice
is clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and is posted to the
following e-mail and Usenet news recipients.

* cust-security-announce@xxxxxxxxx
* first-teams@xxxxxxxxx
* bugtraq@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
* vulnwatch@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
* cisco@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
* cisco-nsp@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
* full-disclosure@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
* comp.dcom.sys.cisco@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Future updates of this advisory, if any, will be placed on Cisco's
worldwide website, but may or may not be actively announced on
mailing lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are
encouraged to check the above URL for any updates.

Revision History
================

+-----------------------------------------+
| Revision | | Initial |
| 1.0 | 2006-September-20 | public |
| | | release. |
+-----------------------------------------+

Cisco Security Procedures
=========================

Complete information on reporting security vulnerabilities in Cisco
products, obtaining assistance with security incidents, and
registering to receive security information from Cisco, is available
on Cisco's worldwide website at
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_vulnerability_policy.html
This includes instructions for press inquiries regarding Cisco
security notices. All Cisco security advisories are available at
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt.

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All contents are Copyright (C) 1992-2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights
reserved.
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