[NT] Multiple Vulnerabilities in the AtHoc Toolbar for MSIE
From: SecuriTeam (support_at_securiteam.com)
To: email@example.com Date: 23 Jan 2005 16:52:03 +0200
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Multiple Vulnerabilities in the AtHoc Toolbar for MSIE
Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in the
<http://www.athoc.com/site/products/toolbar.asp> AtHoc toolbar that allows
remote code execution through Internet Explorer when browsing to a
specially crafted webpage. AtHoc sell a development suite which can allow
a vendor to use their technology to create custom toolbars for their own
Among the most renound of AtHoc's toolbar clients are:
* Juniper Networks
* Agile PLM
The AtHoc toolbar comes with ActiveX component which exports a number of
methods relating to the specifics of toolbar, such a skin settings,
whether a debug log is to be kept, and numerous other options relating to
When attempting to provide an overly long 'skin name' to the SetSkin()
method exported by the control, a stack based buffer overflows,
overwriting a saved return address on the stack and eventually allowing
arbitrary code to be executed.
When the AtHoc toolbar is closed and re-started, a debug log is written
containing various pieces of information relating to the success of
certain operations which have been performed on the AtHoc toolbar during
the users browsing session. One of the operations which is logged, is the
setting of a 'base url', a value which is used by the toolbar when
constructing absolute URLs for certain web related functionality. The
SetBaseURL() function is used to set the base URL.
If the url provided to the function is not valid, the URL is logged by the
toolbar in the debug log, which is stored in the root of the drive on
which the toolbar is installed. The code which writes the invalid base URL
to the debug log is vulnerable to a format string attack which can
overwrite arbitrary dwords in memory with arbitrary values. It is possible
to overwrite saved return addresses, function pointers, string pointers
and more to easily gain control over the execution flow of the process,
thus allowing arbitrary code execution.
The vulnerable component is marked safe for scripting by default, thereby
allowing the dangerous functionality to be accessed with little user
AtHoc has fixed these vulnerabilities and has advised the various vendors
to update their toolbars to use the latest components. These fixed
toolbars can be downloaded from the vendors respective websites.
The information has been provided by <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org>
NGSSoftware Insight Security Research.
The original article can be found at:
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