[NEWS] Multiple Vulnerabilities in Oracle Database (Character Conversion, Extproc, Password Disclosure, ISQLPlus,TNS Listener)
From: SecuriTeam (support_at_securiteam.com)
To: firstname.lastname@example.org Date: 27 Dec 2004 11:06:04 +0200
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Multiple Vulnerabilities in Oracle Database (Character Conversion,
Extproc, Password Disclosure, ISQLPlus,TNS Listener)
Multiple vulnerabilities were discovered in the (Oracle database server
Character Conversion, Extproc, Password Disclosure, ISQLPlus,TNS
Listener). All the vulnerabilities are addressed in a new cummulative
patched issued by Oracle.
* Oracle 10g on all operating systems
1. Character Conversion Bugs
Due to character conversion problems in Oracle 10g with Oracle's
Application server it is possible to bypass pl/sql exclusions and gain
access to the database server as SYS. There is a character conversion bug
in 10g that can lead to a compromised backend database server. Both
Windows and Linux are affected. Consider the following set up. There's a
Oracle HTTP Server (running apache 1.3.22 on Windows) using the PL/SQL
module feeding into a 10g box running on Windows and a 10g box running on
Linux. The character set for both instances is WE8ISO8859P1.
When the app server receives a request of:
The %FFs are converted to the byte 0xFF (as expected) but sniffing the
database response to the app server we get:
"ORA-06550: line 8, column 2: PLS-00201: identifier 'YYYYY' must be
In Oracle 10g, when using the WE8ISO8859P1 character set, converts 0xFF to
0x59 - that is uppercase Y. Due to this conversion an attacker can perform
the following request:
And therefore gain access to "banned" and dangerous procedures. The
character set for the HTTP server is set to:
If, however, we set the character set on the HTTP Server to
ENGLISH_UNITEDKINGDOM.WE8MSWIN1252 not only is the 0xFF still converted to
0x59 but if the following is requested:
The _app_server_ (note - not 10g) converts the %9F to a Y and again this
allows us to do the following:
And again giving access to the "banned" and dangerous procedures. Other
character sets and scenarios may cause similar problems.
2. Extproc Buffer Overflow (long lib name)
The Oracle database server supports PL/SQL, a programming language. PL/SQL
can execute external procedures via extproc. Over the past few years there
has been a number of vulnerabilities in this area (
Extproc has been found to suffer from another buffer overflow
vulnerability. Oracle 10g imposes a length limit on the library name to be
loaded by extproc. However, this length limit can be evaded by passing
environment variables as part of the library name. Later on the
environment variable is expanded allowing the buffer overflow to be
exploited. For example '$PATH' is 5 characters long; this passes the
length check. However, when expanded '$PATH' becomes many more characters.
Exploitation depends upon the system setup but by trial and error a
balance can be found allowing arbitrary code to be executed. No user ID or
password is required to exploit this vulnerability.
3. Clear Text Passwords Disclosure
The 10g Oracle database server may have passwords in clear text in world
readable files. The password for the SYSMAN account (a DBA) can be found
in $ORACLE_HOME/hostname_sid/sysman/config/emoms.properties. This file is
Also, on installing Oracle 10g if the installer supplies the same password
for the SYS, SYSTEM, DBSNMP and SYSMAN accounts and that password has an
exclamation mark in it (e.g. f00bar!!) then an error occurs in the DB
install when the passwords are set for SYSMAN and DBSNMP.
This error is logged to the "postDBCreation.log" logging the password:
Alter user SYSMAN identified by f00bar!! account unlock ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00922: missing or invalid option
Alter user DBSNMP identified by f00bar!! account unlock ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00922: missing or invalid option
This file is world readable giving attackers access to what the passwords
are for these powerful accounts. Please note that no error is generated
for SYS or SYSTEM and these accounts are assigned the password f00bar!!.
The other accounts are given their default passwords.
4. ISQLPlus file access vulnerability
The 10g Oracle Application Server installs ISQL*Plus. Once logged in, an
attacker can use load.uix to read files on the server. From isqlplus it is
possible to load a script and execute it. On navigating to
http://server:5560/isqlplus/load.uix two input boxes are displayed - one
called "URL" and the other "File". By entering in a full path an attacker
can load and read any file that the oracle user can read. For example
"/etc/passwd" on Linux or "C:\boot.ini" on windows. An attacker can read
the the files mentioned in 'Clear Text Passwords Disclosure' vulnerability
above to gain the privileges of SYSMAN.
5. TNS Listener DoS
The 10g Oracle TNS Listener is vulnerable to a denial of service
vulnerability. This occurs by sending the Listener a malformed
service_register_NSGR request. Byte 182 of the request is used as an
offset to a pointer; in a normal request this byte's value is 5 but by
setting it to say 0xCC an attacker can get the Listener to access (read)
an arbitrary value which causes the Listener to access violate/core dump.
Original Advisories can be found at:
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NGSSoftware Insight Security Research.
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