[NT] Opera Web Browser Directory Traversal in Internal URI Protocol

From: SecuriTeam (support_at_securiteam.com)
Date: 11/19/03

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    Date: 19 Nov 2003 19:34:37 +0200
    
    

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      Opera Web Browser Directory Traversal in Internal URI Protocol
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    SUMMARY

    Opera Web Browser defines an internal URI Protocol like command called
    "opera:". Among other things, it is used to display documentation and help
    files for the browser. It has an input validation flaw that enables
    directory traversal.

    This flaw is an aggravating factor when combined with other
    vulnerabilities. In this case, it can be combined with the "Opera Skinned"
    vulnerability.

    DETAILS

    Vulnerable systems:
     * Opera version 7.21 and prior

    Immune systems:
     * Opera version 7.22

    NOTE: It is assumed that Opera is installed in the default location i.e.,
    "c:\program files\opera7" for the purpose of this description. However, a
    default install is *not* necessary for exploitation.

    "Opera:" is an internal URI protocol-like command used by Opera.
    "Internal" because it is not registered as a URI protocol in the Windows
    Registry. One of its uses is to display documentation. For instance, to
    see help, "opera:/help/" is used. This point to the "C:\Program
    Files\Opera7\help" directory on the file system. The html files in this
    folder can be accessed through this relative URL, like,
    "opera:/help/foo.html". When a local path is requested through "opera:" in
    the form of a legal "opera:/help/" URL, it uses the service of the
    "file://" protocol. For instance, "opera:/help/" redirects the browser to
    "file://localhost/C:/Program Files/Opera7/Help/index.html".

    "opera:history", "opera:plugins", "opera:cache" and "opera:drives" are
    other known uses for this command. Their function is self-explanatory.
    "about:" is an alias for "opera:". For instance, "about:history"
    translates to "opera:history".

    The problem here is that though, using "../" for directory traversal in
    the opera: command is not allowed and Opera responds with an "illegal
    address" prompt, this can easily be bypassed using "..%5c" or "..%2f" to
    break out of the /help/ directory.

    For instance, using "opera:/help/..%5c..%5c..%5cwinnt/notepad.exe"
    downloads "notepad.exe" from the "winnt" folder.

    Exploit:
    Exploits that depend on knowing the installation path of Opera are helped
    by this vulnerability. The command "opera:/help/" always points to the
    "<opera directory>/help/" directory. This can be used as a reference point
    for exploits because of the directory traversal. For instance,
    "opera:/help/..%5c" points to the Opera Directory.

    The exploit attached with the advisories uses this vulnerability for
    getting the correct path of the "<opera dir>/profile/" folder for
    exploitation.

    Vendor response:
    The vendor, Opera Software, deserves special mention here. S G Masood has
    previously read about Opera Soft's promptness in resolving security
    vulnerabilities in their products. S G Masood's experience with them is
    one of the best S G Masood ever had with any vendor. S G Masood hopes they
    continue to maintain their good record even with future security issues.

    An updated version with a fix(7.22) is available from the site -
    <http://www.opera.com/download/> http://www.opera.com/download/.

    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

    The information has been provided by <mailto:sgmasood@yahoo.com> S G
    Masood.

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