EEYE: Apple QuickTime (QuickTime.qts) Heap Overflow
From: Marc Maiffret (mmaiffret_at_EEYE.COM)
Date: Sun, 2 May 2004 06:41:43 -0700 To: NTBUGTRAQ@LISTSERV.NTBUGTRAQ.COM
Apple QuickTime (QuickTime.qts) Heap Overflow
May 02, 2004
February 18, 2004
High (Code Execution)
Apple QuickTime 6.5
Apple iTunes 188.8.131.52
The Apple QuickTime media player is used for playing, interacting with
or viewing video, audio, VR or graphics files. Many popular web
browsers, media players, and other applications use their libraries to
play various QuickTime movie formats through their applications.
eEye Digital Security has discovered a critical vulnerability in
QuickTime Player. The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to reliably
overwrite heap memory with user-controlled data and execute arbitrary
code within the SYSTEM context.
This specific flaw exists within the QuickTime.qts file which many
applications access QuickTime's functionality through. By specially
crafting atoms within a movie file, a direct heap overwrite is
triggered, and reliable code execution is then possible.
The code in QuickTime.qts responsible for copying Sample-to-Chunk table
entries from the 'stsc' atom data in a QuickTime-format movie into an
array allocated on the heap. According to developer.apple.com, the
format of the Sample-to-Chunk atom is as follows:
Offset Type Description
------- ------- --------------------------------
0000h DWORD atom size
0004h DWORD atom type tag ('stsc')
0008h BYTE version
0009h BYTE flags
000Ch DWORD number of entries
0010h ... sample-to-chunk table data
The heap block intended to hold the sample-to-chunk table data is
allocated with a size equal to (number_of_entries + 2) * 16. By
supplying the "number of entries" field with the value 0x0FFFFFFE or
greater, an absolutely classic integer overflow results that causes an
insufficiently-sized heap block to be allocated, resulting in an equally
classic complete heap memory overwrite.
It is difficult to express just how textbook this vulnerability scenario
really is. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability is
self-evident, and therefore no further discussion is warranted. It is
our sincere hope that the vendor will make an earnest effort to increase
the maturity of its security response capabilities, so that researchers
will be encouraged to continue to work with them amicably on future
security issues. Apple is doing a disservice to its customers by
incorrectly labeling this vulnerability as a "crash bug" rather than
stating correctly that attackers can compromise systems running the
affected Apple software.
QuickTime: QuickTime File Format
Apple has released a patch for this vulnerability. The patch is
available via the Updates section of the affected applications.
This vulnerability has been assigned the CVE identifier CAN-2004-0431.
Riley Hassell, Fuzen, Cubby, the ladies in the band MudBath, Zoe bird,
Michelle L., and of course the entire staff at eEye.
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