Re: [Full-disclosure] Just how secure encrypted linux partitions really are?



Hello to All,

If anyone have serious hands-on experience with this, I would like to
know some hard facts about this matter... I thought to ask you,
because here're some of the top experts in this field, so I could find few
better places.
Hope you can nodge me in the right direction, and take the time to
answer this.

...

Could some of you please give me some of your thoughts about this?
And, maybe, what other methods of file system encryption are out there
which are more secure?

If you are using a PBE (password based encryption), its no stronger than the
password. Though stated regarding Microsoft's BitLocker, the same applies
to all PBE systems: "BitLocker, at its core, is a password technology, we simply
have to get the password...", Exploration of Windows 7, Advanced Forensics
Topic (page 70).

If your file system key is on a USB thumb drive, the security is probably only
as strong as the physical security on the thumb drive.

Jeff

Hey Jeff - not sure if you read the LE deck or just referenced Wikipedia, but regarding Bitlocker, there is a good bit more to it. Saying to "simply" get the password (not sure who would have written that) isn't "simple." It's not like the password (passphrase) is stored anywhere... And yes, there should be some physical security around the USB key, where the actual KEY is, but with Bitlocker anyway, you can leverage TPM, etc to make things far more difficult.

I'm not familiar with CentOS's drive encryption solution - does it operate like bitlocker in that system configuration hashes must match that stored by BL before mounting? That's one of the benefits of Bitlocker - even if you have the PIN, you can't mount the drive in another machine. If CentOS acts in a similar manner, then just getting the password won't help.

When you throw TPM in the mix with a PIN (as the actual deck refers to), then you need the PIN to get to the TPM to get the keys used to check the stored hash against the system before it can mount. TPM-based encryption is pretty easy, so if CentOS supports that, it very well be far more difficult (or statistically impossible) to decrypt. In Bitlocker's case, if a recovery key infrastructure is in place, then those could be leveraged as well.

In any event though, to answer the OP's specific question about getting to the drives in an array and decrypting them without the key, that would indeed be impossible unless there were some other configuration or implementation issue present.

t

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