Re: [Full-disclosure] Office 0day



On Mon, 25 Jun 2007 15:46:19 PDT, phpninja said:

<i>If other places are offering $20K for a 0day, why should Microsoft offer
10 times that, when they can probably make the sale offering only $25K?</i>

I would think Incentive.. Sell my exploit to some criminal network for
cheap? Or would I rather Microsoft trump their offer by much
more and continue consulting for microsoft rather than criminal networks.

I suppose if you're bidding on a $50 item on eBay, you bid $500?

"No, that would be stupid, $55 would be smart". Exactly the point.

Also if I am in any industry (lets say software) I am going to strive to
produce the best product possible reguardless of the profit.

Forget it. You can't get it perfect. At some point, you need to actually
*ship* product. If you don't ship, you don't sell, and your company doesn't
get any income. It's hard to produce a better product if all your best people
just left because they haven't been paid.

It's not just restricted to the software world. Nobody seriously expects a
house builder to build "the best house possible regardless of profit" - if they
use $400K of the best possible materials in the building of every $200K house
they build, they won't be in business very long at all.

Well I would think there would be some motivation. Unless every employee who
codes at Microsoft is a money grubbing greedy person with no reguard to the
person who uses their products then there would have to be some motivation
to fix the product if it is flawed.

OK. Maybe there is *some* motivation. However, most of the people who are
motivated to fix it are *also* being told "the ship date for Vista has slipped
2 entire frikking *years*, we need to get this out the door already".

When your boss tells you "Look, I don't care how 'perfect' you can make it,
I need the best version the 3 people on your team can make by July 15, or
you're fired and I'll hire somebody who can deliver their code this year",
most programmers will do the July 15 version, not the perfect version, because
August 1 they have to make a mortgage or rent payment....

<I>Which is a better bet for Microsoft - spending $15 million on a big PR and
advertising campaign that announces the 'New Secure Attitude', or spending
$50M on quietly fixing the broken software?
</i>

lets see, they spend 50 million over 7 years (windows xp lifespan so far) not bad..
they are a 280+ billion dollar company.

These were example numbers. I'm positive they spent much more on both
advertising and bugfixing. The point still remains that they're there to
make a profit - and they make more profit if they do a PR song-and-dance than
if they actually work on securing the software (which is a *very* hard and
expensive thing to do when it's 50 to 100 *million* lines of code, with lots
of inter-dependencies, and huge backward-combatability minefields to worry
about as you try to fix code).

So explain to me again why they should spend $200M to fix it right, when
they can spend much less doing PR, and people will still buy it anyhow? If there
was more serious competition, then actually doing it *right* would matter. But
when 90% of the people would buy Microsoft DogCrap 2007 as their next OS just
because it's got the Microsoft flag logo on it, there really isn't any big
reason to spend lots of time and effort on real security.

So what they want is the *cheapest overall* way to keep Joe Sixpack and
Jim McCorporate from saying "I wonder if I should convert to OSX or Linux".
It doesn't have to be perfect. It doesn't have to be "the best". It just
needs to be *cost effective*. Consider the following (made-up) numbers.

1) You make $50 per copy sold.
2) 10 million people are considering switching.
3) A $10M and and PR campaign is enough to snow-job 8 million of them into
staying, because they're sheeple and easily herded.
4) You could stop another 1 million from switching, but it will cost you an
estimated $100 million to do the work to fix the actual problems.

What do you do? Keep in mind that in this example, you're a publicly traded
corporation in the US, and as such, have a legal responsibility to maximize the
return to the shareholders.

<i>Microsoft could *easily* argue that the webmaster
or sysadmin or whatever *should* have known that "software is hackable" and
taken additional precautions of their own.</i>

That is like me trying to argue that after going to a car mechanic, I should
have known that the engine mount that I paid to be secure in my car would
have loosened on a bumpy freeway and let my engine fall out on the freeway.

No. Wrong analogy.

The right one would be the car dealership trying to argue that the car
was built right, and was working perfectly when they sold it to you, and
that you should have *known* that cars require a certain level of routine
maintenance, and it isn't *their* fault that you didn't either check the
engine yourself or pay somebody to do it when that "oil pressure" light
came on....

Or maybe a better one - you go to a mechanic to get new high-bling tires and
rims installed, and 200 miles later one falls off because the nuts loosened.
You'll have a hard time winning that lawsuit against the mechanic if your car's
owners manual recommends that after changing tires, you re-check the lug nuts
after 40 or 50 miles, to make sure they've stayed tight.

I should have put a big metal sheet under my car from keeping things from
falling out after i pay for service!! I just should have that knowledge
magically. It just won't hold up in court.

No, it isn't "magically" - there's a legal concept called "due diligence".
It means that you're responsible for making sure that the research gets done.
If you're a car owner, it means you need to follow the suggested maintenance
and change the oil as needed, and drive obeying the local laws. If you're
buying a house, it means you get an inspector to check for structural defects,
and a lawyer to do a title search. If you're starting a day care center, it
means you do at least *some* research to make sure you're not building on a
known toxic waste dump or similar hazard.

And if you're starting an Internet-based company, it means doing your research
and finding out that you need to pay for hosting, and bandwidth, and that
sites get hacked, and how much it costs for hosting and bandwidth and getting
your site de-hacked, and so on.

<i>Making a *criminal* negligence case stick would be *exceedingly* hard to
do</i>

I don't think it would be so hard. Someone reports a critical flaw, and
microsoft reports it, but does'nt patch it and does nothing about it. So
they know about the flaw at hand and are'nt doing anything to fix it. That
is the definition of negligence.

Answers.com says "(law) recklessly acting without reasonable caution and
putting another person at risk of injury or death (or failing to do something
with the same consequences)" (http://www.answers.com/topic/criminal-negligence-culpable-negligence)

There really *is* a "you're going to get somebody killed doing that" component
to criminal negligence.

And "aren't doing anything to fix it" isn't an easy sell for the DA either.
I can just see the defense attorney at closing arguments:

"Members of the jury, by keeping quiet about the bug and not shipping a patch,
the software vendor was actually protecting the user community. Yes, several
hundred or maybe a few thousand machines had been compromised by way of this
bug - but experience has shown us that once a patch becomes available to the
general public, it leads to the release of viruses and worms that target the
literally millions of machines that haven't been patched yet. Past experience
has shown that the best way to minimize the number of machines attacked is by
keeping it secret, and slipping a fix into the next 'service pack' where it
won't be noticed among all the non-critical fixes..."

(Think about it - how many worms have we seen that incorporated a 0-day?
How many boxes get pwned by a *true* 0-day that's not widely known, how many
get pwned between when the bug becomes generally known and when the patch
comes out, and how many get pwned after the patch comes out?)

Think you stand a chance of convincing *everybody* on the jury for a criminal
conviction?

Its like a tire company knowing of a
problem in their tires, stating the problem, and not recalling the tires.

It's just a *little* bit different when people are getting killed when the tires
fail.

They know of the problem but don't fix it. Now I've been thinking, I dont
think you'd need a big DA or anything of that nature.

You're going to need a DA who's big enough to be able to convince the people
who pay him that he should be chasing this lawsuit against Microsoft, and that
it's more important than the murderers and drug dealers and all the other
criminal cases already in the system. Especially when you know that it's
going to be a long and expensive trial and will tie up a courtroom for months.

If you're approaching it as a civil case, you will need to find an attorney
that's either willing to do it pro bono (i.e. without planning to get paid for
the next 2 or 3 years worth of work), or a case where the damages caused by
the alleged negligent behavior are high enough that their 30% of a judgment
would make it worth their time, or bill at $200 per hour for a *lot* of
hours....

There was a judge in
the news recently suing for $60,000,000 for a pair of pants. All you have to
do is piss off the right people.

Said judge got told where he can stick his lawsuit. It was ruled today in
favor of the dry cleaners. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/19414287/

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