FreeBSD Security Advisory: FreeBSD-SA-01:12.periodic [REVISED]

From: FreeBSD Security Advisories (
Date: 01/29/01

From: FreeBSD Security Advisories <>
To: FreeBSD Security Advisories <>
Date: Mon, 29 Jan 2001 13:06:12 -0800 (PST)


FreeBSD-SA-01:12 Security Advisory
                                                                FreeBSD, Inc.

Topic: periodic uses insecure temporary files [REVISED]

Category: core
Module: periodic
Announced: 2001-01-29
Revised: 2001-01-29
Credits: David Lary <>
Affects: FreeBSD 4.1-STABLE after 2000-09-20, 4.1.1-RELEASE,
                and 4.1.1-STABLE prior to the correction date.
                No FreeBSD 3.x versions are affected.
Corrected: 2000-11-11
FreeBSD only: Yes

0. Revision History

v1.0 2001-01-29 Initial release
v1.1 2001-01-29 Correctly credit original problem reporter

I. Background

periodic is a program to run periodic system functions.

II. Problem Description

A vulnerability was inadvertently introduced into periodic that caused
temporary files with insecure file names to be used in the system's
temporary directory. This may allow a malicious local user to cause
arbitrary files on the system to be corrupted.

By default, periodic is normally called by cron for daily, weekly, and
monthly maintenance. Because these scripts run as root, an attacker
may potentially corrupt any file on the system.

FreeBSD 4.1-STABLE after 2000-09-20, 4.1.1-RELEASE, and 4.1.1-STABLE
prior to the correction date are vulnerable. The problem was
corrected prior to the release of FreeBSD 4.2.

III. Impact

Malicious local users can cause arbitrary files on the system to be

IV. Workaround

Do not allow periodic to be used in untrusted multi-user environments.

Disable the normal periodic system maintenance scripts by either
commenting-out or removing the periodic entries in /etc/crontab.

V. Solution

One of the following:

1) Upgrade the vulnerable FreeBSD system to 4.1.1-STABLE after the
correction date.

2) Affected FreeBSD 4.x systems prior to the correction date:

Download the patch and the detached PGP signature from the following
locations, and verify the signature using your PGP utility.

Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src/usr.sbin/periodic
# patch -p < /path/to/patch
# make depend && make all install
Version: GnuPG v1.0.4 (FreeBSD)
Comment: For info see


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